Sultan Thuwaini ruled from 1856 to 1866 AD after the death of his father. During his rule, he faced several internal and external conflicts. One of the most significant challenges he faced was the problem of Bandar Abbas, which was under the control of the Omani rule. Sultan Thuwaini was forced to conclude a treaty with the Persian ruler, which ended the Omani authority over Bandar.
However, the most significant event of Sultan Thuwaini’s life was the conflict between him and his brother, Sultan Majid, in Zanzibar. This conflict led to the intervention of Britain, headed by Coghlan, who issued his recommendations on the necessity of dividing the Omani empire into two parts. As a result, Sultan Thuwaini became the Sultan of Oman, while Majid bin Said became the Sultan of Zanzibar.
Despite his accomplishments as a Sultan, Sultan Thuwaini’s rule was cut short when he was killed by his son, Salem bin Thuwaini, on the 27th of Ramadan 1282 AH. The reasons for Salem’s actions remain unknown, and his rule was short-lived as well. After only three years, he was overthrown by his cousin, Turki bin Said, who became the new Sultan of Oman.
In conclusion, Sayyid Thuwaini bin Saeed bin Sultan Al Busaidi was a significant figure in Oman’s history, having ruled during a time of great change and conflict. His rule was marked by both triumphs and setbacks, and his legacy continues to be remembered to this day.