The sultanate of Oman has a distinguished geographical location making the country pioneer in maritime science; Oman’s ancient “Majan” civilization had ties and connections with other civilizations around the world especially Iraq, India, North and West Africa, and Europe. This in turn, allowed the sultanate to develop a deep-rooted marine heritage reflecting the degree of progress and prosperity achieved by the Omanis in the shipbuilding industry and maritime science. Oman was able to expand the maritime territorial integrity, crossing the world’s continents with ships and naval fleets. In addition, the remains of Reed Boat; which was used for trade with India and dating back to 4,500 years ago was discovered in Eastern Oman, Ras Al Jinz. Oman’s ports and harbors were well known all over the world due to Omani’s strong sea navigation skills and the construction of both ships and ports. Besides, there are several ports and harbors around the coast of Oman, starting from Khasab coast in the far north of Musandam to Sohar, Duqum, Muttrah, Muscat, Qalhat, and Dhofar regions.
For many centuries; Omanis have the power to memorize the technique and methods of shipbuilding by heart, they have been learning this craft and passing it to new generations. Craftsmen build traditional Oman fishing boats, relying completely on their memory, over a span of three to six months and the boat is ready. While building fishing vessels takes about six months, depending on the size. Teak wood a tropical hardwood imported from India is one of the most common woods used in shipbuilding.