Throughout history, religions have their special events and festivals. Islam is one of these religions. It has two important festivals that are celebrated all around Islamic countries and communities around the world. These festivals are called Eids; Eid Al Fitr and Eid Al Adha.
Eid Al Fitr comes after the ninth month of Islamic calendar. Eid Al Fitr means feast of breaking the fast and it marks the end of the holy month Ramadhan. On that day, muslims are not permitted to fast.
It has a particular prayer that is performed in groups after the sunrise of first of Shawwal (the tenth Islamic month) after a speech done by the imam.
After the prayer people start to greet each other dressed up elegantly, men wear traditional Dishdasha and Masar , women and children dress up elegantly, some apply henna to compliment their charm.
Greetings usually takes place from family then relatives and neighbors.
The common greeting used around the world is asking for forgiveness from people for any thing done intentionally or not and wishing each other to witness the coming Eid in good health.
Eids come with their special food. Although it differs in some areas, there are some very common recipes. The most famous traditional Eid meal is shiwa that is cooked over night in a deep and wide hole that is called tan’noor. Shiwa is fresh meat dipped in traditional spices then is surrounded by green and wet trees leaf put in a bag specially made for this occasion mainly made from dry palm leaves. A big fire is set in the tan’noor using prosopis wood. When this fire becomes charcoal, the bags of meat are thrown into the tan’noor and are covered by a metallic cover that is covered finally by sand. It is opened in the next day to get the ready-to-eat meat. During Eid Al Fitr, shiwa is made only in some areas around Oman but it is done all over Oman during the second Eid.
Another famous dish is locally known as “Qalya” which means fried. Meat is cut into small cubes and dipped into traditional spices and then fried in a wide pan.
Different dishes of desserts are also made in big quantities and made ready for the guests.
Eids are also accompanied with different traditions that take place around Oman. Traditional performances take place in different areas such as Razha in the northern areas and Habbot in Dhofar Governorate southern Oman, it usually lasts for three days and it is considered as public holiday.