Culture

Omani Traditional Female Dress

There are various types of women's costumes that differs from one region to another, though they are common in three basic pieces:

 * The headscarf (Lissu - Fattah), decorated with sequins engravings and coloured beads, It is unique to mention that it's sewed together by shiny and silver or gold threads. 

* The second piece: The dress, That consists of (the apostles, hand-embroidered sleeves with mule and goli, which is normally sewed by silver or gold threads. The beads are set in different forms depending on the region, and The slit, which is mediated by the chest, Be red and purple, and the dress length varies from one state to another.  

* The third piece: Pants or (Surwal), which is wide and narrow on the ankles with a variety of embossing embroidery that differs according to the regions they belong to. 


• Muscat Region :

Ruling on the population structure in Muscat, the capital of Oman, it is a forum for all regions, thanks to it’s costal location that is usually known for being the most areas that are exposed to multiple cultures. Muscat itself is known for its variety of traditional costumes. There are three main types that differ from each other in terms of their designs, drawings and threads used in embroideries, decorated with thin silver ribbons.

* Fashion Al Batinah Region and Musandam Governorate:

Most of the costumes of the Batinah and Musandam districts are almost similar in design. The women there usually wear  “kandooras” , a long multicolored robe that is rich with patterns and embroidery. The sleeves are embroidered with golden or silver threads of Berysem and Zirri. 

• Al Dhahera Region :

The women clothing consists of shaila ( a head scarf) , cotton dress and trousers. Sheila is usually in black, and the Dress comes in a variety of types. There is a sedentary skirt and a knitted skirt that goes along with the design, as well as the garment that is worn over the cloth, which is light cloth. 

• Al Sharqiya Region :

In Sur:

The fashion in the eastern region ranges on the coast to an inside, and the most common is the head piece, a light woven fabric of silk or nylon, that is often black, red, pink or blue, embellished with ornately embossed engravings. In the picture, the dress consists of three large openings of the hands and the bottom, for practical purposes, the dress is embroidered from the front and back side of it. 

In Ibra:

Women in Ibra are usually black head piece that is made of light cloth. A silver or gold ornament is worn in the form of two decorated plates and a thread of wool. The other piece over the head is Lyso. The Dashdasha, which is usually knee length, is decorated with silver or gold lace, the pants include exquisite hand embroidery using silver or gold thread. 


 • Al Dhakhilia Region :

 Consists of a short dress that runs down slightly above the knee length. The front part of the dress is embroidered with ribbons of cymbals, gouls and thorns, as well as berysams, sunflower patterns, as well as silver and gold bands. The sleeves are also embroidered with the same bands and threads, which is usually handmade by women. The head is covered with the Lesu and is sewed with colourful wool, and the edges of the lesu are decorated with silver threads.

• Dhofar Region :

The costume is known as "Abu Thail” which means “ The dress with a tail”, It is made of velvet or cotton. The neck is richly decorated with a beautiful tapestry of brocade and scarlet threads, the dress is fed with silver and beads. A shela is worn on the head, which is often made of light cotton or silk, decorated with plaits that are made from various materials.  



Source :

Ministry of Heritage and culture 


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